The theory of radio windows in planetary magnetospheres

first_imgThe theory of radio windows given in two previous papers for a stratified cold plasma is extended to apply in a warm plasma. It is used to investigate one suggested mechanism for the production of non-thermal continuum radiation in magnetospheric cavities. The source is a plasma wave that enters a region where there is a gradient of electron concentration and there undergoes partial linear mode conversion to give ordinary and extraordinary electromagnetic waves and a reflected plasma wave. This theory is needed particularly for the plasmapause and magnetopause where the concentration gradients may be large. It is therefore necessary to use a full-wave integration of the governing differential equations. These are derived for a warm plasma. When they are integrated, the problem of numerical swamping is severe and is dealt with by a special method. Some typical results are presented and discussed.last_img read more

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IS IT TRUE MARCH 12, 2018

first_imgWe hope that today’s “IS IT TRUE” will provoke honest and open dialogue concerning issues that we, as responsible citizens of this community, need to address in a rational and responsible way?IS IT TRUE when the former Indiana Lieutenant Governor Dr. Sue Ellspermann was hired as President of IVY Tech State back in 2016 she was paid a $300,000 base salary? …she also has the opportunity to earn as much as $100,000 in performance bonuses, in addition to other perks and reimbursements.  …we wonder how the Ivy Tech Board of Trustees determine her performance bonuses and other perks?  …we wonder what she is being paid for the 2018 academic year?IS IT TRUE yesterday the Courier and Press published an article about 111 local public employees in Vanderburgh County that made more than $100,000 in 2017?  …we highly recommend that you go to the Courier and Press web site and read this article? …if you do, you will be amazed how much some of these public employees were paid in 2017? …these figures don’t include perks or benefits? …we have posted a few of the salaries that caught our attention?  …we wonder what some of these individuals are being paid for 2018?IS IT TRUE that the outgoing President USI made $294,919 in 2017, not including perks, bonus, and benefits?IS IT TRUE that in 2017 the EVSC Superintendent of Schools made $241,787? …this figure doesn’t including bonus, perks, and benefits?   …we wonder what he is being paid for the 2018 academic year?IS IT TRUE that the Chancellor of Ivy Tech-Evansville was paid $214,516 not including his bonus, perks, and benefits?  …we wonder what he is being paid for the 2018 academic year?IS IT TRUE that the most underpaid public employees are the Vanderburgh County Superior Court Judges who only made $147,217 last year?IS IT TRUE that the Vanderburgh County Sheriff made $129,653 and the Chief Of Staff of the EVSC made $126,743 in 2017?  …we wonder if you can tell us what’s wrong with this picture?IS IT TRUE that the EFD Assistant Fire Chief was paid $108,686 and an Investigator of the EFD made $104,012 in 2017? …we wonder how much the Evansville Fire Chief was paid in 2017 since it wasn’t listed in the Courier and Press article?IS IT TRUE that Evansville Housing Authority Chief Executive Officer makes $156,239 a year?  …that the EHA Director of Operations was paid $108,362 and their Director of Finance was paid $103,406 during 2017? …this figure didn’t include bonus, perks or benefits? …that Evansville Housing Authority is responsible for a helping the poor and disadvantaged citizens of our area with affordable subsidized housing?IS IT TRUE that a Corporal of the Evansville Police Department made $102,909 in 2017?  …that the Evansville Chief of Police made $100,072 in 2017?IS IT TRUE that the Mayor of Evansville was paid a salary of $100,533 in 2017?  … it’s obvious that the position of the Mayor of Evansville is grossly underpaid and should bebe increased?IS IT TRUE that individuals in upper management positions at the University of Southern Indiana, Ivy Tech and the EVSC are well paid for the jobs they do?IS IT TRUE you must not forget that many of the above positions also received additional bonuses, perks and benefits not included in the salaries published in the Courier and Press article?IS IT TRUE we are hearing that many people are watching to see how the Evansville City Council members are going to vote on the Councilmen Justin Elpers term limit proposal at tonight’s Council meeting?IS IT TRUE we would like to congratulate City Councilmen Dr. Dan Adams for deferring the vote on his proposed noise ordinance at tonight’s Council meeting?  …we are told that he has decided to get input from people that are affected by this overreaching ordinance?  …that reasonable people sit down and reason together?Today’s READERS POLL question is:  If the Republicans primary for Vanderburgh County Commission was held today who would you for?Please take time and read our feature articles entitled “BIRTHDAYS, HOT JOBS, YESTERYEAR, COMMUNITY AND LOCAL SPORTS” posted in our sections. If you would like to advertise on the CCO please contact us City-County [email protected] Observer has been serving our community for 15 years.Copyright 2015 City-County Observer. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

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WMAW: ’There is a real sense of pride”

first_imgSponsor’s comment:“Stores offered excellent quality and presentation, with impressive staff knowledge of baking process and products. With strong NPD, waste reduction and stock control, M&S is a worthy winner.”Peter Drew, marketing director at sponsor Lantmännen Unibake Years of work building up the Marks & Spencer in-store bakery offer was recognised and rewarded on the night of the 2019 Baking Industry Awards ceremony,Consistency is a cornerstone of a strong bakery offer, and it was the ability of Marks & Spencer (M&S) to deliver that in quality, ranging and presentation across its estate which so impressed the 2019 Baking Industry Awards judges.Bakery has been a focus for the retailer in recent years, with M&S working to make its in-store operation more efficient and customer-facing. Activity has included changing location of equipment in the bakery, altering staffing hours to ensure there is a trained baker to serve and help customers, and maintaining availability of fresh products.The business also refreshed its point-of-sale (POS) material to give it a “warmer tone of voice”, and launched a new customer information system, ensuring staff have access to real-time product information by scanning a shelf-edge ticket.“We have been working hard in recent years to build a market-leading product offer and service in-store,” explains senior food technologist Mark Waples. “We felt in really good shape to enter the awards.”Quality and innovation are key to M&S food, and this is no different when it comes to bakery, explains Waples. “We work tirelessly with our suppliers and brilliant store teams to constantly maintain and improve in all areas. We have introduced fantastic new  products and driven new systems through to our stores, which our bakers have been executing brilliantly.”Since winning, the retailer has launched products including the Cretzel – a croissant and pretzel hybrid, Marmite & Cheese Twists, and doughnut/yum yum hybrid the Yumnut (pictured left).M&S saw winning the award at last September’s ceremony in London as the culmination of hard work over the past few years. “It was brilliant news and a brilliant night,” says Waples, adding that the impact on many of the store teams has been “great”.“There is a real sense of pride showing through,” he says.The retailer adds it would encourage others to enter the 2020 Baking Industry Awards. “These awards are such a great place to meet people, network and see real innovation,” says Waples.For those businesses that enter, he suggests they focus on the customer and being different. “In tough times, we all need to stand out in the crowd and offer a point of difference in our products and in our service – be the best you can every day.last_img read more

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Bakery LoSoDo opens at Radcliffe Market

first_imgSource: LoSoDoA Manchester-based micro bakery has opened its first retail site at a market in Bury.Based at Radcliffe Market, the new bakery is called LoSoDo (short for Lorna’s Sourdough Bread).Menu items include Country Sourdough (£3.50), Rugbrod or Danish Rye (£3) and Country Sourdough – Tin Loaf (£3.50). The loaves are made by hand and naturally leavened using flour, water and salt.Other menu items include traditional sourdough pastries such as croissants (£2/each) and pain au chocolat.The process takes more than 24 hours and the loaves are made using locally sourced organic ingredients, said founder Lorna Black who made the transition from TV costume supervisor to baker during lockdown.“My dream with this was to become something of a local baker for local people, like you may have seen before supermarkets. This was exactly the kind of opportunity offered to me at Radcliffe Market, so joining up was a no-brainer,” added Black.“The pandemic completely shut down the television industry, leaving me with no work and a lot of time on my hands. I decided to use the time to explore my childhood passion for baking, and it all grew from there.”Radcliffe Market is a volunteer-run organisation, which aims to provide a hub for the community focused around food and culture, she added.“I started selling loaves to people within my local community from home. Eventually, I enquired at Radcliffe Market if they had any spaces, and they happened to be looking for a baker to complete their market offering,” she added.Black plans to expand into the empty unit next door and will soon need to hire employees to cope with the demand.LoSoDo is open at Radcliffe Market from 9am-4:30pm on Tuesday, 9am-3pm on Thursday and 9am-4:30pm on Friday and Saturday.last_img read more

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16,000 Vermonters get food stamp extension

first_imgThe Vermont congressional delegation today announced that the U.S. Department of Agriculture will further postpone a pending reduction in food stamp benefits for 16,000 Vermonters. Senators Patrick Leahy (D-VT) and Bernie Sanders (I-VT) and Representative Peter Welch (D-VT) also welcomed the USDA’s assurance that, once the extended waiver expires on April 1, no family will see a benefit reduction of more than $20 per month.Sanders and Leahy authored a letter signed by 13 other senators asking White House budget director Jacob Lew to reconsider the administration’s plan to cut to nutrition assistance benefits under Vermont’s ‘3SquaresVT’ program. Welch authored a similar letter from members of the U.S. House of Representatives.The senators urged Lew to ‘pursue a course that will sustain the existing level of benefits to help these families make it through this difficult winter season.’ The senators further noted that any cut to nutrition assistance would come on top of possible additional cuts to fuel assistance received by Vermont families. Welch echoed those sentiments, writing that cuts could ‘reduce significantly the nutrition assistance benefits that many of our constituents rely on to feed their families during difficult economic times.’This September, the USDA announced that the State of Vermont would be required to implement a cut of as much 25 percent to the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program benefits received by 16,000 Vermont families starting on January 1. The department’s decision was based on declining home utility costs which factor into the food stamp benefits formula. Around the country, at least 2 million people would also have seen a reduction in their food stamp benefit.In August 2009, the Department of Agriculture issued a waiver that allowed states to use the 2008 utility allowance formula for 2009, which would have prevented a drastic cut in nutrition assistance for millions of families around the country. Seventeen states, including Vermont, took advantage of this waiver, which had been set to expire on October 1, but after the urging of Sanders, Leahy and Welch, that waiver had been extended to January 1, 2011.Angela Smith-Dieng, senior nutrition and policy specialist for the Vermont Campaign to End Childhood Hunger, said, ‘We are very grateful to Vermont’s congressional delegation for its leadership in preventing what could have been a significant benefit cut to hungry Vermonters this winter. In these difficult times, Vermonters are already struggling to pay for all their expenses, so having enough money for basic needs like food and heat is essential to their health and well-being. Seniors and people with disabilities on fixed incomes are especially vulnerable to these kinds of cuts and would have been hardest hit, so we very much appreciate the delegation’s strong advocacy on this issue.’ Source: Vermont congressional delegation. 12.3.2010last_img read more

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Australian rooftop solar installations hit record level in February

first_img FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Renew Economy:Australia’s rooftop solar market has shown no signs of slowing down so far in 2020, despite a start to the year marred by the coronavirus pandemic and an economic downturn that is hitting global energy markets as hard as any other.The latest data from leading Australian solar industry statistician SunWiz finds that while the registration of large-scale generation certificates for big solar projects heads in the opposite direction, registration for small-scale solar systems (0-100kW) – the vast majority of them for residential rooftop solar – remains on the up and up.SunWiz says steep growth in small-scale PV installations over the course of February has broken all previous records by notching up the highest monthly registered capacity of 218MW.On a state-by-state basis, the month also delivered records for Victoria (48MW), South Australia (24MW) and Western Australia (26.5MW), while New South Wales got back on track and registered 59MW, just shy of its own monthly record. Queensland also got back on track, adding a total of 53MW of solar systems between 0-100kW and is tracking ahead by 34 per cent compared to the last year.“The residential market showed exceptional growth, particularly in the 6-8 kW segment,” said SunWiz managing director Warwick Johnston in his monthly report, noting that the small commercial market had also shown “noticeable growth.”The small solar sector may not be immune to the troubles of the market, either – least of all coronavirus, which may yet hit PV panel supplies in Australia after the weeks of plant shutdowns in China in the first months of the year. But for now, the boom continues.[Sophie Vorrath]More: Rooftop solar unstoppable as market breaks “all previous records” in February Australian rooftop solar installations hit record level in Februarylast_img read more

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East Meets West

first_imgWhy Appalachia Is Tops Among MountainsIf I had a penny for every time one of my friends out West said something like, “The Appalachians aren’t real mountains like we’ve got out here,” or “They should call the Blue Ridge Mountains the ‘Blue Hills,’” I’d have enough money to buy the Biltmore Estate (or at least a tiny but accurate scale model). My response is usually just to smile and shake my head. Not because I’m a non-confrontational wimp (though those are the words my wife likes to use), but because I know better.The folks out West are always quick to compare mountain sizes with ours to make up for their shortcomings. They feel inferior to, and jealous of, everything we’ve got going in the Blue Ridge, from the history to the mountain culture, food and drink, trails, scenery, and location. I laugh off the insults to our mountains here in the Southeast much the way Lance Armstrong must have laughed off insults to his cycling talents during his prime, or Ron Jeremy laughed off people who tried to diminish his well-endowed, um, acting ability during the peak of his celebrated film career.Don’t get me wrong, I love the mountains out West. The Rockies are a great place to visit. And without the Sierra Nevadas, the world wouldn’t have been blessed with Yosemite National Park or the Donner Party. But then again, I’ve got a strange soft spot in my heart for lots of overhyped things that lack substance, like teen vampire movies, and gelato.If you’re one of the people in the Blue Ridge who can’t take comfort in your superiority, though, rest easy. The next time your Western friends try to pick a fight, just show them this list. I like to call it: “The Indisputable Reasons Why Southern Appalachia Crushes the West.”Reason 1The hooch. Show me someone who says the folks who live in the hollows (that’s pronounced “hollers”) of the Sierra Nevadas or Rockies have invented a liquor that’s smoother going down–or will leave you blind quicker–than moonshine (a.k.a white lightning, mountain dew, skull cracker, the sweet spirits of cats a-fightin’), and I’ll show you a liar. Family recipes concocted in stills hidden in the woods date back generations. So while people in the mountains of California are sipping the local vintage of pink blush, we’ll keep drinking from our mason jars, thank you very much.Reason 2The Appalachian Trail. The granddad of all hiking trails. It begins here in the Southern Appalachians at Springer Mountain, Ga. The Pacific Crest Trail?  Please. It’s too extreme (another word for “not doable for normal, sane people”), like so much else about the Western mountains. The 2,185-mile A.T. is a possible dream for just about any healthy person who likes to hike. There’s a reason Benton MacKaye’s blueprints for the first national scenic trail ran from Georgia to Maine, and not California to Canada—and why Bill Bryson’s book “A Walk in the Woods” didn’t take him over Mount Whitney.Reason 3The paddling. Nothing beats the concentrated paddling thrills of the Gauley and New rivers. People out West may brag about the size of their Snake or Colorado—but again they’re overcompensating. The whitewater selection in the Southeast has no equal, boasting epic rivers like the Chattooga, Potomac, Shenandoah, Ocoee, Nantahala, Pigeon, and Chattooga, just to scratch the surface. Best of all, the organized paddling trips here usually last only a day or two in length, and are generally affordable. Out West, you’ve got to use a whole week’s vacation and spend the cost of a Hyundai to experience the thrills of the Grand Canyon.Reason 4The music. Bluegrass was born in the Blue Ridge. Need I say more? A fiddle and banjo (along with a mandolin, bass, and harmonica) make for a night of dancing and drinking (see “Hooch,” above) in the Southern Appalachians. In the West, the only people who could make those instruments sing right proper are visitors. On tour. From the Southern Appalachians. There are some exceptions, like Allison Krauss and Steve Martin–but he plays with the Steep Canyon Rangers, from Asheville and Brevard. All of the great original bluegrass gods, like Lester Flatt, Earl Scruggs, and the Stanley Brothers, came from these parts. And the North Carolina-born Avett Brothers partly carry on the tradition today. As for music born in the Western mountains, what is there? John Denver? Please.Reason 5The skiing. Skiing in the South: something so wrong never felt so right. I’ll concede consistent snow conditions to the West. And it’s true that no one from Colorado would ever fly east to ski in Tennessee. But that’s only part of the equation. The overlooked element in the South’s favor is location. More than one quarter of the U.S. population lives within a half-day’s drive of the 20 or so ski resorts in this region—from Snowshoe in West Virginia, to Massanutten in Virginia, and Sugar Mountain in North Carolina. As for the so-called icy slopes (I prefer the term “packed formerly frozen granular”) you may find here from time to time: it just makes you a much better skier, able to handle any kind of terrain. You’ve never heard someone say, “Oh, if you can master the fresh knee-deep powder of Tahoe, you can ski anywhere!”Reason 6The mountain biking. Yes, Moab is the best place to bike in the world. For a weekend. But the ultimate dream hometown for a mountain biker would have to be Asheville. Western North Carolina has more miles of mountain bike trails, and more trails, than you’ll find anywhere in the country. You’ve got your choice of epic rides in DuPont State Forest, Pisgah National Forest, Bent Creek Experimental Forest, and the Tsali Recreation Area. And those are just the spots that everyone knows about.Reason 7The people. All of the celebrities flock on their private jets to Aspen, Colorado, and Jackson, Wyoming, which is just fine with us. Let them keep driving up real estate prices to insanely high levels over there. For us, high cuisine means finding ways to use every single part of a pig. Our dressing up is the same as their dressing down. For us, a traffic jam means two cars stuck behind a pack of cyclists for a mile on the Blue Ridge Parkway. Sure, our Mount Mitchell isn’t as tall as their Pikes Peak, our ski resorts have to offer rental gloves and parkas, and our whitewater canyons aren’t as Grand. But that’s just the way we like our outdoors served—and preferably with a mason jar of moonshine on the side.Be sure to comment and let us know your thoughts, East Coast or West Coast?If you don’t agree with us, maybe we can change your mind with the Georgia Weekend Getaway Contest. Enter today for your chance to win an amazing trip into the Appalachia, and experience all we have to offer!last_img read more

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Joe Biden says he would pick a woman as vice president

first_imgDemocratic presidential contender Joe Biden, who had hinted he might choose a woman as his vice presidential running mate if he is picked as the party’s nominee, committed to doing so during his debate with rival Bernie Sanders on Sunday.”If I’m elected president, my Cabinet, my administration, will look like the country, and I commit that I will in fact appoint and pick a woman as vice president. There are a number of women who are qualified to be president tomorrow. I would pick a woman as my vice president,” Biden said.There were originally a record-breaking six women vying for the Democratic nomination to take on Republican President Donald Trump in November – US Senators Elizabeth Warren, Amy Klobuchar, Kamala Harris and Kirsten Gillibrand, along with US Representative Tulsi Gabbard and Marianne Williamson. Only Gabbard remains in the race, although she is polling below 5 percent nationally and was not eligible to participate in the debate.Sanders said that “in all likelihood,” he would choose a woman as his running mate, but did not make as firm a commitment.”In all likelihood, I will. To me, it’s not just nominating a woman, it is making sure that we have a progressive woman, and there are progressive women out there. So my very strong tendency is to move in that direction,” Sanders said.Two women were previously nominated by the major parties for US vice president – – Democrat Geraldine Ferraro in 1984 and Republican Sarah Palin in 2008. Both their tickets were defeated. Democrat Hillary Clinton, the first woman nominated for president by a major party, lost to Trump in 2016.Topics :last_img read more

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This inner-city apartment has hit the market

first_img2102/132 Alice St, BrisbaneBoth have floor-to-ceiling glass doors to the balcony with its city views, as well as abundant natural light. The main bedroom also has a large ensuite with a separate shower and bathtub, while the smaller bedroom is serviced by a nearby bathroom. Both also contain built-in wardrobes. The apartment also has a laundry, and a double garage. Residents of the Quay West complex have access to a wide range of resort facilities, including a pool area with established gardens, a terrace, a gymnasium, concierge, restaurant and cocktail bar, business amenities and room service.Agent Brandon Wortley said the sub-penthouse apartment was in arguably one of the best locations in Brisbane city. “It would be difficult to find an apartment in the CBD with the same stunning combination of character, proportion and views that are nothing short of spectacular,” he said.“This is your chance to secure premium CBD real estate that will only appreciate in the future.” 2102/132 Alice St, BrisbaneMore from newsMould, age, not enough to stop 17 bidders fighting for this home5 hours agoBuyers ‘crazy’ not to take govt freebies, says 28-yr-old investor5 hours ago Ideal for outdoor dining and entertainment, this area is tiled and covered and spans the entire width of the apartment.Back inside, the quality kitchen overlooks the living space and features tiled flooring, ample white cabinetry and plenty of benchtop space.The bedrooms sit on opposite sides of the floorplan for space and privacy. 2102/132 Alice St, BrisbaneIN  the Quay West building opposite the Brisbane Botanic Gardens, this two-bedroom apartment offers an inner-city lifestyle close to the CBD’s plethora of cafes, restaurants and shops. Offering 144sq m of space, the residence includes open-plan living areas, while its position high on the 21st floor allows for 180-degree views across the gardens, Brisbane River, Kangaroo Point cliffs and South Bank.The entrance leads into the open-plan living and dining space in the heart of the single-level floorplan, which has a muted decor of carpet flooring and a neutral colour palette. The hub boasts a wall of floor-to-ceiling glass, allowing for impressive city vistas and natural light, as well as sliding glass doors opening to a balcony with glass balustrades.last_img read more

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Dutch decision to cut UFR costs Philips scheme €16m [amended]

first_imgThe €17.8bn Philips Pensioenfonds has claimed the new ultimate forward rate (UFR), lowered recently by the Dutch government to a more “realistic” level, has set the pension fund back by €16m annually.In a clarification of its second-quarter report, the pension fund said it also had to raise its fixed contribution of 24% to 26.6% to remain on target for the annual accrual rate of 1.85%.At the start of 2014, when the pension fund switched to collective defined contribution arrangements, the company and its workers agreed a fixed premium for a five-year period.The scheme said the premium gap had to be filled from its dedicated contribution reserve, “under pressure” even before the government reduced the UFR. The pension fund already drew €8m from its dedicated premium reserves due to the scheme’s financial position.In July, the Dutch regulator lowered the UFR – part of the discount rate for liabilities – from 4.2% to 3.3% with immediate effect. The measure lead to a funding drop of 2 percentage points to 112% of the scheme’s coverage, drawn from market rates.As of the end of the second quarter, the Philips Pensioenfonds’s official policy funding – the average coverage of the previous 12 months, and now the criterion for indexation and rights cuts – stood at 114%.Meanwhile, over the last quarter, the pension fund reported an overall 7% loss on investments and a 1.9% loss on its combined interest and inflation hedge.The scheme said long-duration government bonds were hit hardest, losing 16%.It added that it incurred a “limited loss” on its equity holdings and that it made a profit on its real estate portfolio.In other news, Vervoer, the €19.6bn industry-wide pension fund for private road transport, posted a quarterly return of -14.6%, lowering its first-half return to -1.1%.The pension fund cited rising interest rates combined with falling equity markets.Over the course of the second quarter, the scheme’s actual funding fell to 108.3% and its policy funding to 110%.Vervoer follows a “defensive” investment policy, with a 58.5% allocation to fixed income and a 30.3% allocation to equities. The transport scheme did not provide returns for individual asset classes.last_img read more

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