UN observer mission on IraqKuwait border phased out

The Security Council voted unanimously 3 July to phase out the UN Iraq-Kuwait Observer Mission (UNIKOM) by 6 October following a recommendation from Secretary-General Kofi Annan, who had noted that a Council resolution recognized the United States-led coalition as the interim administration for the area since the end of the second Persian Gulf War.The Mission had suspended most of its work since 17 March in advance of the US military campaign in Iraq. Since August, it had an authorized strength of five military observers, assisted by 41 international civilian personnel and 96 local staff.The mission was created to deter violations and report on hostile action along the border following Iraq’s occupation of Kuwait in 1990 and the subsequent Persian Gulf War.Mr. Annan had reported that most of the mission’s property and premises on the Iraqi side of the demilitarized zone were totally destroyed or stolen during or soon after the most recent conflict and that the mission headquarters at Um Qasr was largely demolished, apparently by looting before or during the hostilities.