Review finds parallels between 1957 and 2009 pandemics

first_imgAug 5, 2009 (CIDRAP News) – Though infectious disease experts say it is impossible to predict how severe the next wave of the novel H1N1 pandemic will be, experts from the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) observe that it so far resembles the 1957-58 influenza pandemic in several ways. They report that the earlier pandemic caused minimal disruptions, in part because public health officials didn’t close schools, cancel public events, or impose travel restrictions.The group, from UPMC’s Center for Biosecurity, published a review of US events during the 1957-58 pandemic in an early online edition of Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: Biodefense Strategy, Practice, and Science. Their findings come a day after Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano said in an editorial board meeting with USA Today that the novel H1N1 pandemic would likely mirror the 1957 pandemic rather than the more severe 1918 episode.One of the authors of the UPMC report is Dr. D.A. Henderson, who was instrumental in setting up a flu surveillance system at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention during the early stages of the 1957 pandemic, according to a UPMC press release. The group’s report is based on his experiences, surveillance reports, and contemporary news reports.”There is need for an understanding in national policy circles of the options for dealing with a pandemic, and time is short if states and local communities are going to be prepared,” Henderson said in the press release.The authors wrote that though no one can predict how a pandemic will unfold, “we would be ill-served if we did not consider past experience.” The 1957 pandemic resembles the 2009 pandemic in that both viruses circulated in the summer months in the United States while the virus hit the southern hemisphere during its normal influenza season. Current disease patterns are also similar to the 1957 pandemic: illnesses are generally mild and the virus predominantly strikes younger people. The 2009 pandemic strain also appears to cause a similar case fatality rate to the 1957 strain, they add.Appearing first at military camps on the East and West Coasts in June 1957, the disease spread quickly. The Association of State and Territorial Health Officers (ASTHO) had a special meeting in August to discuss the threat and response strategies. Epidemiologists weren’t sure if the outbreaks would intensify in September or during the normal flu season.ASTHO recognized that a vaccine could help prevent illnesses and deaths but probably wouldn’t be available for at least 2 or 3 months. The group emphasized the role of home care for reducing the burden on hospitals and stated that closing schools and curbing public gatherings would have little impact on preventing the spread of the disease.Community outbreaks intensified when schools resumed in September, but flu activity started leveling off by the end of November. Schools had 20% to 30% absenteeism rates, but the pandemic had little impact on work absenteeism except in schools and healthcare institutions. The authors estimated that up to 25% of the US population was infected with the virus.Hospital admissions increased, but facilities had the surge capacity to handle the extra load, the authors reported.Flu vaccine trials began in July, with efficacy findings ranging from 53% to 60%. From six domestic vaccine producers, 4 million doses were released in August, 9 million in September, and 17 million in October. They produced enough to vaccinate about 17% of the US population. The authors wrote that the vaccine apparently had little effect on the pandemic because of limited availability and efficacy.One unusual feature of the 1957 pandemic was a 3-month wave of excess flu and pneumonia deaths that began in January 1958, they reported. Surveillance was showing no widespread community outbreaks at the time, and there were no spikes in school closures or work absences. A CDC official at the time speculated that the deaths could have resulted from smaller sporadic outbreaks that didn’t attract much public attention.The 1957-58 pandemic had little or effect on the US and Canadian economies, they found.Henderson DA, Courtney B, Inglesby TV, et al. Public health and medical responses to the 1957-58 influenza pandemic. Biosecur Bioterr 2009 Aug, early online publication;7(3):[Full text]See also:Aug 5 UPMC press releaseAug 4 USA Today storylast_img read more

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Police investigates three robberies within a week

first_img Tweet 11 Views   no discussions Sharing is caring! Share Sharecenter_img LocalNews Police investigates three robberies within a week by: – October 24, 2011 Share Image via: shenzhen-standard.comPublic Relations Officer of the Commonwealth of Dominica Police Force Sergeant Kenth Matthew has confirmed that the Wade Filling Station in Portsmouth was robbed on Saturday afternoon, making this the third of its kind within a week.Sergeant Matthew told Dominica Vibes News that two masked men held a female attendant at gun point during the course of this robbery.“Two masked men robbed the female attendant at Wade Filling Station which is located on Grandby Street in Portsmouth, at 4:45 pm. The men, who were armed with at least one gun, made of with $2,600 which was made up of some US currency, cheques and some Eastern Caribbean Currency.”This is the third robbery of a business place by armed masked men which has taken place in the past week: The other two having occurred on Tuesday, 18th October at JE Nassief lumber outlet on Goodwill Road; and Mc Millan’s Filling Station on Castle Street on Thursday, 20th October; respectively.While investigations into these robbery incidents continue the police is soliciting the assistance of the general public to relay any information which they may possess.Members of the public are also advised to be on the alert and aware of their surroundings at all times.Dominica Vibes Newslast_img read more

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Arsenal midfielder sad over Aston Villa defeat

first_imgArsenal midfielder, Granit Xhaka, has expressed disappointment over the team’s defeat to Aston Villa. The Gunners were hoping to build on results against Liverpool and Manchester City by pushing for a top-seven spot in the league. But they fell to a team in the relegation zone in a narrow 1-0 defeat. And Xhaka admitted the performance was not good enough. On what went wrong, Xhaka told the club website: “I think it was Aston Villa, their fight, they put everything out in each half and in my opinion they deserved the three points.” He admitted set-pieces caused them problems: “Yes, we have a gameplan and we know they are very strong on set-pieces but we did too many fouls near our box, too many corners against them but we didn’t play our gameplan. “They were more aggressive than us and deserved it.”Advertisement And Xhaka also acknowledged the game was a challenge after having so many tough games in quick succession. “Yes, of course, to beat two big, big teams… but in my opinion, you can’t come here and play like this. read also:Saka to battle, Pepe, Xhaka For Arsenal Player Of The Month “It’s not good enough and you can’t play with this mentality. It was not enough to take something from today, and we knew if we won today, the last game if we won as well we could have got into the Europa League, but now we have to win the FA Cup and we have more pressure. “But we will do everything to win the FA Cup now.” FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Loading… center_img Promoted Content10 Unusual (And Stunning) Human Traits9 Talented Actors Who Are Only Associated With One RoleTop 10 Most Romantic Nations In The World14 Hilarious Comics Made By Women You Need To Follow Right Now10 Phones That Can Easily Fit In The Smallest Pocket7 Mind-Boggling Facts About Black Holes11 Most Immersive Game To Play On Your Table TopWhich Country Is The Most Romantic In The World?This Guy Photoshopped Himself Into Celeb Pics And It’s HystericalThe Very Last Bitcoin Will Be Mined Around 2140. Read MoreThis Guy Photoshopped Himself Into Celeb Pics And It’s Hysterical8 Superfoods For Growing Hair Back And Stimulating Its Growthlast_img read more

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Holloway tops Stock feature at RPM

first_imgBy Mike Hughes HAYS, Kan. (Aug. 24) – With just two regular season races left on the schedule at RPM Speed­way in Hays, KS, the points race is still up for grabs and drivers battled for position on Saturday evening August 24. It was also the Greg Close Memorial Race with the Close family awarding $50 to a Hard Charger and a $50 mystery position in all five divisions. The Advantage Glass Plus IMCA Stock Car feature went 20 caution-free laps with Shaylon Hol­loway leading from green to checkers to make his first trip to victory lane at Hays this year. Jeff Tubbs finished second, with Jason Davis, B.J. Wagoner and Jason Rogers completing the top five. Nolan Remus claimed the mystery position award.In the Federated Auto Parts IMCA Modified feature, Dylan Sherfick took the lead on lap 12 of the 20 lap feature to score his second win of the year at Hays. Matt Henke led the opening lap before Rodger Peck assumed command. Sherfick then took the lead after the halfway mark to lead the field to the checkers.Tim Watts finished second, followed by Corey Lagroon, Ronnie Hill and Jason Schoenberger. Todd Schwarz was awarded the mystery prize. The caution flag waved as often as the green flag did in the 15 lap Golden Plains Trucking IMCA Northern SportMod feature. Tracy Holloway led the opening lap before Tanner Portenier made a pass. Then on lap three, Portenier spun to bring out a caution.Track officials deemed contact by Holloway caused the spin, sending him to the back of the field. But Portenier had to duck into the pits under caution, also moving him to the back of the line and giving Cory Struckhoff the lead on the restart. That’s all Struckhoff needed to score his first win at Hays this season. Daniel Gottschalk finished in the runner-up spot, followed by Tyler Frye, Jake Krone and Blaine Walt. Joe Couse earned the mystery award. Ron Wehling led all 15 laps in the Rebel Tank Service IMCA Hobby Stock feature to win his se­cond main event in a row. A few cautions kept the field close on the restart, but Wehling was able to hold off a hard charging Trevor Schmidt for the victory.G.W. Fuller, Kent Tammen, and ‘Garrett Hager rounded out the top five. Roger Garrison won the mystery cash. Drivers in the DK Ranch IMCA Sport Compact class may be calling ‘Dog, The Bounty Hunter’ as Monte Honas won his ninth feature in a row at the 3/8-mile oval. Honas took the lead from Kirk Pfannenstiel on lap four and led the remaining distance for the win. Pfannenstiel held on to se­cond, followed by Michael Smith, Dean Herzog and Shyla Hughes. Ed Jasper claiming the Mys­tery cash. The school buses also competed with Darren Unrein getting his second win of the season. The evening’s race sponsors were Sporer Land Development, Oakley; R & R Tire, Oakley; Great Western Tire of Oakley & Colby; Hot Rods, Oakley; and Caerus Oil & Gas.Racing returns to Hays on Saturday, Sept. 21, as the regular five divisions see action on champion­ship night. Race time is 7 p.m.last_img read more

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Cricket News If THIS player has good World Cup, India will win: Ricky Ponting

first_img New Delhi: Three-time World winner and Australia’s best leader, Ricky Ponting believes if the Indian skipper Virat Kohli has a fine World Cup, India is going to have their hands on the coveted trophy. Ponting is currently with the IPL franchise Delhi Capitals (DC) and the preparations have already begun. In an exclusive interview with the Times of India (TOI), Ricky spoke about a lot of things.When he was asked, who is better between Virat Kohli and Sachin Tendulkar, he said, “I don’t think we can get to the conclusion till Virat’s career is over. Only then will we have a clearer picture. Sachin is a legend. Yes, you can say Virat is piling up runs. His Test average is more than 50 (53.76). But Sachin maintained that (average) in 200 Tests. Virat’s ODI record, though, is unbelievable. That’s why I feel India are a very dangerous side. If Virat has a good World Cup, India will win.” For all the Latest Sports News News, Cricket News News, Download News Nation Android and iOS Mobile Apps. India was recently up against Australia in a couple of limited-overs series, and when every cricket pundit was expecting India to upstage Australia, the result was an absolute turnaround. The series was also expected to answer a few questions for the men-in-blue, one of which was ‘Who will play at number four for India in the forthcoming World Cup?’On this, Ponting said, “They tried a few even during the recent Australia series. Rayudu was there, Rishabh, Shankar. They could have also have tried Shreyas Iyer. He is a very good player. He has had a great domestic season. I am excited to catch up with him. It’s an interesting conundrum; maybe, they can fit in KL Rahul in that spot.”He also named four teams who can reach the semi-finals. “England, India, Australia and maybe New Zealand. Of course, you never know what Pakistan and West Indies are gonna do!” highlights Ricky Ponting believes Virat Kohli can help India to win their third World cup title. Ricky Ponting will be with the Australian team for the forthcoming World Cup. Australia will be up against Pakistan in their last assignment before the most prestigious tournament. last_img read more

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ICC World Cup ICC Cricket World Cup 2019: Shikhar Dhawan blasts 17th century

first_imgShikhar Dhawan smashed his fourth century against Australia.Dhawan’s highest individual score in ODIs is against Australia.India last won against Australia in World Cups in 2011. Australia employed the short ball barrage and Dhawan was lucky to get a top edge off a short ball from Coulter-Nile but he was in control of the second short ball when he upper-cut Marcus Stoinis over Alex Carey for a boundary. Both Rohit and Dhawan stitched the highest opening stand in World Cups for India against Australia and he notched up his fifty off just 53 balls.After going past the landmark, Dhawan pounced on Stoinis by smashing two consecutive boundaries and despite losing Rohit for 57, Dhawan continued his aggression. He blasted two fours off legspinner Adam Zampa and got near to his century by getting an under-edge to a short ball from Pat Cummins as he attempted the upper-cut again. The left-hander raced through the 90s by pulling Zampa to the deep square leg fence and he reached the landmark in dramatic fashion.The left-hander pushed a full ball from Marcus Stoinis to the mid-off region and looked for a single but sent Virat Kohi back half-way down the pitch. The fielder scored a direct hit and the ricochet resulted in a single. Dhawan’s knock has put India on course for a score in excess of 300 against Australia. New Delhi: Shikhar Dhawan has always reserved his best in major ICC events, be it the Champions Trophy or the World Cup. The left-hander has a wonderful record not only in ICC events but also against five-time champions Australia. In the ICC Cricket World Cup clash at the Kennington Oval, Dhawan showed his brilliance and notched up his 17th century and fourth against Australia as India were in a strong position on Sunday. India chose to bat on a flat deck and both Dhawan and his opening partner Rohit Sharma capitalised on the slowness of the deck and made great progress against a strong bowling unit.Both Dhawan and Rohit started slowly and it was the left-hander who smashed the first boundary of the match when he caressed a full ball from Pat Cummins to the deep extra cover fence. The pressure of the early overs was released when Dhawan slammed three boundaries off Nathan Coulter-Nile in the eighth over. The first boundary was a drive straight down the ground, the second was a cut shot to the deep cover fence while the third was a late-cut to the third man fence. For all the Latest Sports News News, ICC World Cup News, Download News Nation Android and iOS Mobile Apps. highlightslast_img read more

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Sunshine Snacks hands lucky fan a ticket to CPL Final

first_imgSUNSHINE Snacks, the official snack of The Hero Caribbean Premier League (CPL), launched its CPL promotion on the August 26, 2019.Customers who purchased Sunshine Snacks Peanuts had a chance to win cricket bats, hampers, tickets to the matches at the Providence stadium and grand prize of an all-expense paid trip for two to Trinidad for the final.The lucky winner of the grand prize, Ms Savitri Basdeo, expressed her excitement about going to Trinidad to watch Guyana Amazon Warriors compete in the final this Saturday, October 12.“I saw the promotion on social media and decided to look for Sunshine Snacks Peanuts with the CPL logo when I was shopping in the supermarket one afternoon. When I got home, after unpacking my groceries I sat on my bed with my phone looking for the code to enter on the site. I thought that was that.”Ms Basdeo reported she initially missed the call from Trinidad which she thought was from a friend, but after receiving the second call; the representative from Sunshine Snacks in Trinidad told her she had won the grand prize for the Sunshine Snacks CPL promotion.She said she thought it was a prank as she was not expecting to win but was ‘extra excited and very appreciative’ because it had always been her dream to go and experience the final in Trinidad. The prize was even more special for her because she has never travelled to Trinidad.Country Manager of Sunshine Snacks brand in Guyana, Mr Jeranzee Marques, who handed over the prize to the winner, thanked all the participants for taking part in the promotion and said he was elated that Sunshine Snacks was able to make a lifelong dream come true for someone.last_img read more

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UEFA suspends Champions League and Europa League matches

first_imgBarcelona v Napoli (1-1) Shakhtar Donetsk v Wolfsburg (2-1) Europa League (aggregate score) Getafe v Inter Milan Roma v Sevilla Juventus v Lyon (0-1) Bayern Munich v Chelsea (3-0) Bayer Leverkusen v Rangers (3-1) Man City v Real Madrid (2-1)center_img Manchester United v LASK (5-0) Wolves v Olympiakos (1-1) FC Basel v Eintracht Frankfurt (3-0) FC Copenhagen v Istanbul Basaksehir (0-1) Champions League (aggregate score) All Uefa competitions, including Champions League and Europa League matches due to be played on 17 and 18 March, have been postponed because of the coronavirus outbreak.The draws for the next rounds, set for 20 March, have also been postponed.In the Champions League, Manchester City v Real Madrid, Juventus v Lyon, Barcelona v Napoli and Bayern Munich v Chelsea are all postponed.Manchester United, Wolves and Rangers’ matches in the Europa League are off.All Uefa Youth League quarter-final matches scheduled for 17 and 18 March are also off.Uefa said further decisions on the scheduling of the postponed fixtures “will be communicated in due course”.European football’s governing body has invited representatives from all 55 of its member associations to a meeting on Tuesday in order to discuss a response to the coronavirus outbreak.The scheduling of Euro 2020 will be discussed at the gathering.The matches postponed (17-19 March) Source: BBClast_img read more

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Etoile and Mazembe seek consolation in Confederation Cup

first_imgAfrican club giants Etoile Sahel and TP Mazembe launch their Confederation Cup challenges this weekend at the play-offs stage of a competition they wanted to avoid.Etoile of Tunisia and Mazembe from the Democratic Republic of Congo began the 2016 season in the African Champions League, the most prestigious and richest club event on the African calendar.But both failed to get past the final qualifying round with Etoile losing a penalty shoot-out against Enyimba of Nigeria after wiping out a three-goal first-leg deficit.Reigning African champions Mazembe fell by two goals away to Wydad Casablanca and were held at home with the Moroccans equalising in stoppage time.Etoile and Mazembe have won nine Confederation of African Football titles each, achievements surpassed only by Al Ahly of Egypt with 18 triumphs.The silver lining for Etoile is demotion to the Confederation Cup gives them a chance to win the competition twice in a row after beating Orlando Pirates of South Africa in the final last year. Brazilian striker Diogo Acosta has been in good form for the Red Devils from Mediterranean resort Sousse.If Etoile can close the gaps exposed by Enyimba in Nigeria they should build a lead at home to surprise qualifiers Mounana of Gabon.Recently-appointed Mazembe coach Hubert Velud has appealed for patience from supporters disenchanted by failure to reach the Champions League group stage.”I just got here,” he said, referring to his arrival this year after the contract of fellow French coach Patrice Carteron was not renewed.”Mazembe want to win trophies every year and we have the Confederation Cup in our sights now.” The club from Congolese mining city Lubumbashi have been goal shy lately, sorely missing Tanzanian striker Mbwana Aly Samatta, who moved to Belgium.Ghanaian Daniel Nii Adjei showed signs of inheriting the leading scorer role, but has lacked consistency.Mazembe host Stade Gabesien, a Tunisian outfit competing in Africa for the first time and unbeaten in qualifying tor the play-offs with two victories and four draws.Hichem Essifi, the striker Tunisians call ‘The Hulk’ because of his imposing physique, will warrant special attention from the Congolese.Three days after winning the South African title a record-extending seventh time, Mamelodi Sundowns face Medeama of Ghana near Pretoria. Sundowns goalkeeper Denis Onyango told BBC Sport: “We have to switch our minds to a new focus and concentrate, we know we want the club wants which is to conquer Africa and that’s what we have to think about.”First we have to get to the group stage. But is a dream for the club and the players to conquer Africa and to make history – we know we have an opportunity to do it.”We know we are playing a good team and we must give our best. We are taking it very seriously. If we can win 3-0 at home that would be fantastic.”Young Africans must shackle leading Confederation Cup scorer Arsenio ‘Love’ Cabungula from Angolan club Esperanca Sagrada in Dar es Salaam if they hope to become the first Tanzanian team to reach the group stage.The match between Stade Malien of Mali and FUS Rabat of Morocco pits former Confederation Cup title-holders against each other in Bamako. Al Ahly of Libya host Misr Elmaqasah of Egypt in Tunis because lawlessness prevents the game being staged in Tripoli.Mouloudia Bejaia of Algeria against Esperance of Tunisia and Al Merrikh of Sudan against Kawkab Marrakech of Morocco complete the first-leg schedule.–Follow Joy Sports on Twitter: @JoySportsGH. Our hashtag is #JoySportslast_img read more

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Silver Medal for Irmela Peranovic in Los Angeles

first_imgThe final swimming competitions on the program of Summer Olympics in Los Angeles were held yesterday, where the BH competitor Irmela Peranovic performed in the discipline 50 m freestyle and won the second place and the silver medal.After Adnan Pribisic, who won the golden medal in 25 m breaststroke, this is the second medal won for B&H at the Summer Olympics. When it comes to swimming, what remained according to the competition program are the performances of Miro Vasic who is to have tommorow the division in 25 m freestyle and 50 m freestyle, while Irmela Peranovic will on July 30th have a division in 25 m freestyle, as well as Zorana Mitrović, who will perform in 50 m breaststroke.The women football team of the Special Olympics of B&H played today in the second round of the competition a match against the national team of Serbia, whom it defeated with a result of 8:0.When it comes to the performances of athletes, on the program tomorrow are the battles for the medals of Admir Asceric, who will run 400 and 200 m, as well as Vedrana Novic and Kristina Klacar, who will perform in the 200 m discipline.Table tennis players Damir Rimac and Irma Juhic are to continue with their preliminary performances.(Source: klix.ba)last_img read more

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